Think about this. Where do we get the biggest night/day temperature swings on the Earth? Few clouds or water molecules in the atmosphere - radiational cooling is efficient.
Venus has a thick carbon dioxide atmosphere -- very effective at absorbing (and trapping) infrared radiation.
The Greenhouse effect:
Steps in the Greenhouse process
This occurs on Earth, too, which is why the Earth isn't at -1 F. But it is done largely by water (H20) clouds. If we continue to put CO2 and other so-called greenhouse gases into the Earth's atmosphere, Earth will start to warm significantly (may already be happening!). Even a few degree rise in temperature can have a dramatic impact on the Earth (melting polar caps, flooding, drought, famine...)